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Long before Christopher…

from NBC News

In tree rings and radioactive carbon, signs of the Vikings in North America

Wood at a settlement in Canada’s Newfoundland that was cut with metal tools helped researchers pinpoint when the Norse first reached the continent — well before Columbus.

By Tom Metcalfe

Image: reconstructed Norse longhouse
A reconstructed Norse longhouse built beside the archaeological site at L’Anse aux Meadows in Canada’s Newfoundland. The new study pinpoints a year when the Norse were there as A.D. 1021. Russ Heinl aerial photography / Shutterstock

Vikings from Greenland — the first Europeans to arrive in the Americas — lived in a village in Canada’s Newfoundland exactly 1,000 years ago, according to research published Wednesday.

Scientists have known for many years that Vikings — a name given to the Norse by the English they raided — built a village at L’Anse aux Meadows in Newfoundland around the turn of the millennium. But a study published in Nature is the first to pinpoint the date of the Norse occupation.

The explorers — up to 100 people, both women and men — felled trees to build the village and to repair their ships, and the new study fixes a date they were there by showing they cut down at least three trees in the year 1021 — at least 470 years before Christopher Columbus reached the Bahamas in 1492.

[ click to continue reading at NBC News ]

Posted on October 28, 2021 by Editor

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